ACCIDENTS. PRELIMINARY ESTIMATE - JANUARY-JUNE 2023
According to preliminary estimates, in the six-month period January-June 2023, compared to the same period in 2022, there was a very limited decrease in the number of road accidents with injuries to persons (79,124; -1.0%) and injuries (106,493; -0.9%); For victims within the thirtieth day, the decrease is slightly more marked (1,384, -2.5%).
Compared with the first six months of 2019 (the reference year for the decade 2021-2030 for road safety), there was still a decrease in road accidents (-5.4%), injuries (-9.0%) and deaths (-9.8%).
Compared to the first half of 2022, fatalities on motorways are down (-9.7%), followed by rural roads (-3.3%) and urban roads (-0.1%). Compared to the first six months of 2019, in the first half of 2023 the number of fatalities decreased significantly, again, on motorways (-24.1%) while on urban and extra-urban roads the decrease is estimated at 7% and 9%, respectively.
For the decade 2021-2030, the European road safety targets envisage halving the number of fatalities and serious injuries by 2030, compared to the benchmark year (set at 2019). Although there is a decrease in road fatalities in the first six months of 2023, it is estimated, from the first data collected, a new increase in the second half of the year. There are therefore still many obstacles to achieving road safety targets.
The car market in the first half of 2023 is recovering compared to the same period of 2022: +22.2% registrations of new cars and +19.3% those of motorcycles but, compared to 2019, new cars show a decline, -20.6% against an increase in motorcycles, +39.5%. In cities, the use of sharing services continues to grow, in particular, the highest share of rentals still involves scooters.
As far as motorway journeys are concerned, the cumulative figure for the first six months of 2023 shows a growth of 5.4% in vehicles/km travelled on the network, compared to the same period last year. This result is mainly attributable to the increase in light vehicle mileage (+7.1% compared to 2022), while volumes for heavy vehicles recorded only a slight increase (+0.6%). In the case of traffic on the main suburban network, the figures for light and heavy vehicles increased, especially in the first quarter (on average, light vehicle traffic +4% and heavy vehicle traffic +1%).